Tipu Sultan is known in history as a great warrior and a learned man.
He was born on 20 November 1750 in Devanahli, Karnataka. Hyder Ali Tipu was the father of Sultan, the great ruler of Mysore.
Seeing the valor of Tipu Sultan, his father Hyder Ali gave him the title of Sher-e-Mysore.
On 4 May 1799, Tipu Sultan attained valor while defending Srirangapatnam from the British.
Tipu Sultan’s rockets are still kept in London’s Science Museum. These rockets were taken by the British in the late 18th century. That is why Tipu Sultan is considered the world’s first missile man.
Tipu Sultan fought the British at the age of just 18 and won it easily. Tipu Sultan considered himself a common man and called himself a civilian Tipu.
Tipu Sultan is also considered India’s first freedom fighter because he sensed the British threat in India, which is why he fought four wars with the British to drive away from the British.
The name of the capital of Tipu Sultan was Srirangapatnam. Tipu Sultan wanted to avenge his father’s defeat with the British. He built a good army under his leadership and insisted on using cannons in battle. Tipu Sultan and his father Hyder Ali defeated the British in the First Anglo Mysore War in 1766.
The British also suffered defeat in the Second Mysore War in 1782. The British were fully aware of the power of the Tipu Sultan and hence wanted to make a treaty with Tipu Sultan. That is why the Treaty of Mangalore was signed in 1784 AD on both sides.
But on 4 May 1799, while defending his capital Srirangapatnam, Tipu Sultan attained heroism in the war.
The fort located in the city of Palakkad is known as Tipu’s Fort. This fort was constructed in 1766 AD and has been declared as an inherited building under the Archaeological Survey of India.
Tipu Sultan did not even start the business of silkworm rearing in Mysore. He learned how to plant mulberry trees from Bengal and came to Mysore and started training centers at 21 different places where information was given about the business of silkworm rearing.
Reason for the dispute over Tipu Sultan’s name
Many Hindu organizations believe that Tipu Sultan was not secular. These organizations believe that Tipu Sultan was an autocratic ruler and forcibly converted the people and got many temples also constructed, hence he is also called Aurangzeb of the South.
In the 19th century, British author William Logan wrote about Tipu Sultan in his book Malabar Manual that Tipu Sultan had caused a lot of destruction in Calicut with the help of his army. Tipu had hanged many men and women. Also in this book, Tipu Sultan has been accused of breaking the temple and churches.
In a book published in 1964 titled Life of Tipu Sultan, it was written that Tipu Sultan forced one lakh Hindus and 70000 Christians to forcibly convert to the Muslim religion.